Īd al-Fiṭr 2020 & Performing the Prayer
How will we celebrate ʿĪd al-Fiṭr this year and how will we perform the prayer? The shelter-in-place orders will most probably remain in effect when we reach this blessed occasion. This means that most Muslims will be observing the Eid while staying at home.
While this Eid will be different in many ways, there is still a definite reality that all must acknowledge. When the Eid day comes, it means we have completed the Ramaḍān fast. This is something to truly be thankful for as Allāh has again blessed us that we submit to Him by observing it. With certitude, we acknowledge His oneness, and as his servants we submit to Him. In this way, this year is no different than the years that came before and those that will come after. Celebrating Eid is something we do for Allāh’s sake, and this year our observance of it will again be for Him.
In the Ḥanafī Madhhab, the Eid prayer is obligatory (ar. wājib) for those who are obligated to perform the Friday prayer... The sermons (ar. khuṭbah) made after it are recommended (ar. sunnah)
There needs to be at least three men and the imām. If this minimum is not fulfilled, then one may perform supererogatory prayers individually in its time and it is hoped from Allāh’s mercy that one will receive the reward of having performed the Eid prayer.
Generally, the Eid prayers are performed in large congregations. However, that is not possible this year considering the government’s order banning large gatherings. It is permissible to gather one’s family members and perform the Eid prayer at home or a similar location.
Some Things that Should Be Observed on the Day of ʿĪd al-Fiṭr
– Prior to the prayer, it is recommended that one take a bath.
– As well, it is recommended that one brush his teeth by using siwāk. This is recommended prior to performing prayers and prior to gathering with others.
– One should wear his best clothing.
– One should apply fragrance.
– One should eat something sweet. It is recommended that ... one eats something prior to performing ʿĪd al-Fiṭr..... Thus, eating dates may be preferred. If one does not have dates, then something else which is sweet may be eaten instead.
– Before going to perform the prayer, one should pay the zakāt al-fiṭr. You can do so right now on this website by clicking the "DONATE" button and choosing "Zakat-ul-Fitr" as your donation option..
The Eid Prayer’s Time
The Eid prayer’s time starts once the sun has risen a spear’s length in the morning sky. And it ends when the sun passes its zenith. It should be noted that there is no adhān or iqāmah made for the Eid prayer.
How the Eid Prayer is Performed
Firstly, one must intend it. Then, they enter the prayer by reciting takbīr. The supplication of thanāʾ is recited followed by three additional takbīrs. One raises his hands for each. Then, one recites istiʿādhah, the basmalah, Sūrat al-Fāṭihah, and another sūrah. It is recommended that Sūrat al-Aʿlā be recited. Then, one goes into rukūʿ and continues in the prayer until completing the first rakʿah.
Then, one stands for the second rakʿah. He recites the basmalah, Sūrat al-Fāṭihah, and another sūrah. It is recommended that he recites Sūrat al-Ghāshiyah. Then, he recites three additional takbīrs. One raises his hands for each, just like he did in the first. After that, he recites takbīr and goes into rukūʿ. Then, he continues in the prayer until completing the second rakʿah.
*Note: Imâm Shâfi’i holds that there are 12 extra takbeeraat – 7 in the first ra’kah, and 5 in the second. In both of the rak’ât, the takbeeraat are said before the recitation.
Once the prayer is completed, the two khuṭbahs should be delivered.
As was mentioned above, the two Eid sermons are a sunnah. They are not required for the Eid prayer to be valid, but they should not be left out.
The minimum required for a valid khuṭbah is Allāh’s remembrance. According to Imām Abū Ḥanīfah, if one would only say “subḥānAllāh” or “al-ḥamdu liLlāh” that would suffice for a sermon. If one is able to do more, that is better, i.e. praising Allāh, sending salutations on the Messenger, and a supplication (ar. duʿāʾ) for the Muslims. Nonetheless, what was mentioned is the minimum amount that is required.
All praise is due to Allāh the Most-Merciful. May He send the choicest of prayers and salutations on His beloved Prophet Muḥammad, his folk, and his companions.